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From the Enlightenment to Business Models. Episode 6. Section II. A brief history of the Isle of England

Have a beautiful Sunday. The last one of January 2023. We continue building all the elements of our dashboard for a complete integral overview of the Enlightenment period and how this affected our current philosophy of business modeling. On the other hand, in our campaign to stick our journey with the Ocean Race 2022-2023, we are rejoicing to begin a new phase, Leg 3, the longest one in the history of this mega oceanic event. “The Cape Town – Itajai, Leg 3 expects to cross over 12,700 nautical miles”.

Today´s publication is about situating you in the historical context of Britain beyond the 1600s to 1700s. We have provided a brief history of the Isle of England since the Romans. Given the abundance of information, I have spent several days filtering it and trying to make the shortest summary of the main events since the Romans up to the beginning of the House of Hanover King George I, who reigned between 1714-1727. I kindly invite you to continue reading about the history of England, Ireland, and Scotland. It is a fascinating topic, allowing us to understand the premises of our current troubles concerning commerce, trade, wars, and globalization.

The following document is the result of our week’s reading and investigation. As I mentioned previously, our outline is subject to change. If we feel that we must extend our material to certain topics, I will dynamically change our route. The road map of this saga is always subject to change, as much as when we travel in the oceans. External conditions always challenge us. We have opted to adjust and privilege into more details of our content for your delight and understanding. We encourage you to always keep an eye on the shifts, which are each time announced on the first pages of the slides below. You can print the next PDF document, for a better view of the characters and images.

Understanding the notions of the history of Britain.
Since we are not historians, but corporate strategists, our historic content might be too extensive for some of my readers, but there is a reason behind this. The Enlightenment philosophes (radical, moderate, or counter-enlightenment) were situated in a specific context beyond Europe. The new World, India, and Asia were interrelated by the vessels of the English, Dutch, French, Spanish, Portuguese, etc. The monarchies were facing eternal conflicts because of “territories” or land conquests. In addition, all of the monarchies, classified as the “ancient regime” by the Enlightenment philosophes were characterized by profound absolutism that was circumscribed around religion. The study of the kingdom of England, reveals to us that the more drastic and severe was the Church, the higher the persecution of the common sinners accused of witchcraft, heresy, or even unjust motives. Henry VIII’s shift from Catholicism to protestant Anglican was simply a response to a need for an heir, a male descendant that could supply the following cohort for England. Heritage by blood was a continuous crusade in the mind of all the kings and queens. We believe it was an “out of mind”. obsession. These rulers also used marriage to secure kingdom expansions, avoid war, and/or perpetuate peace.

Illustrative and non-commercial image. Used for educational use. Utilized only informatively for the public good.

The first concept of a republican country model was inserted in England after the Parliament was configured and settled. It took several generations to arrive at the moment of the Parliament under Oliver Cromwell. The rigidity of religion, imposed by force also created persecution and repeated massacres, over and over again. Cromwell was the example of the “utopian” government against authoritarian monarchs who not only abused anyone who was contrary to the dogmas of religious doctrines coming from their respective ecclesiastical authorities; but also, Cromwell´s end was the example of everything that could go wrong, when his “utopian” kingless regime went flawed.

A journey through English monarchic houses.
Before continuing our analysis of the time of the British kingless period with Oliver Cromwell, an outlier statesman who led parliamentary forces in the English Civil Wars, and who was lord protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1653–58) during the republican Commonwealth; we have to understand very well why a solid monarchy of the House of Stuart was wiped. How was it that a king of England, Charles I (1600-1649) was killed (beheaded)? What happened before the death of Charles I, and what type of events triggered such a disaster? The oceanic trade and the English vessels were initiating the solid routes of trade between Asia, India, and America; meanwhile, a king was murdered in London.

Through all the slides, we have identified several relevant dynasties in the kingdoms of England:

  1. The House of Wessex (802-1066)
  2. The House of Normandy (1066-1216)
  3. The House of Plantagenet (1216-1377)
  4. The House of Lancaster and York (1377-1485)
  5. The House of Tudor (1485-1603)
  6. The House of Stuart and Orange (1603-1714)
  7. The House of Hanover (1714-1837)

The slides are self-explanatory for all of you. We have tried to show you the most relevant decisive moments for each of these dynasties. Nevertheless, this is just the beginning. England gave birth to Robert Boyle, David Hume, and Adam Smith, who reacted to the radical enlightenment philosophes of this epoch. Our capitalist system roots go back in time to these philosophes. Everything is connected. See the following two videos (Courtesy of Ollie Bye Channel), and you will grasp the importance of dedicating three of our episodes to Britain.

Illustrative and non-commercial video. Used for educational use. Utilized only informatively for the public good.
Illustrative and non-commercial video. Used for educational use. Utilized only informatively for the public good.

I will stop here, because it is Sunday, a day for relaxing, and we will continue our analysis in our next publication. We will connect the dots between the British foundations of Oceanic Trade imperialism, and the last English philosophes of our saga. We truly invite you to read British history, it is a precious way to comprehend. And understand the roots of our business and corporate strategy mental frameworks of today.

Next week, we will continue exploring the profiles of the Enlightenment figures of the British Empire. The next topic is our third section of Episode 6: “Who moved the ways of the Enlightenment, part C. The British Philosophers. Section III”.

Oceanic Musical Section

Leg 3 has already kicked off. The sailors of the teams Malizia, Biotherm, Holcim PRB, 11th Hour Racing, and Guyot were sailing smoothly when suddenly the leading team Biotherm broke the strop on one end of their mainsheet. Then 11th Hour Racing team also reported damage: two wing tips on the mainsail. Both teams reported the damages, and are under the status of temporary “suspension”. Both have returned to Cape Town to make the respective repairs. This leg is the longest one in the history of the Ocean Race. If a team realizes that it is better to return back and diligently manage to recover the vessel, it is better to do that; than proceed further. Particularly when a difficult journey awaits. Look at the audiovisual that describes what awaits us during Leg 3.

For us, the following episodes will also be extensive. We are dabbling in the waters of the precedent history of the Enlightenment philosophers from kingdoms who were sailing for the expansion of their power: The Dutch, the British, the French, The Germans, the Spanish, and the Portuguese. We have added the Italian philosophers too. So it is a long way to go that awaits us. In the case of the Ocean Race, at the moment, Biotherm and 11th Hour Racing’s actions to return back for repair, only show us the prudency and delicacy of being cautious. Before moving forward to difficult paths, it is preferable to go back and review everything. Whatever happens in the ocean is uncertain. Whatever occurs in the organization of the world economy is also uncertain. Particularly when we are launching a digital economy that is based on the wealth and prosperity philosophy of the 17th and 18th centuries. Our musical choice is from a diverse collection of artists around the Tudor Court.

See you next Friday 4th of March. Thank you and blessings for reading to me.

We have already started Leg 3 . Photo Source:

Sources of reference are utilized today. All are listed on the slides.

Disclaimer: Illustrations in Watercolor are painted by Eleonora Escalante. Other types of illustrations or videos (which are not mine) are used for educational purposes ONLY.  All are used as Illustrative and non-commercial images. Utilized only informatively for the public good. Nevertheless, most of this blog’s pictures, images, or videos are not mine. I do not own any of the lovely photos or images posted unless otherwise stated.

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